Thursday, April 26, 2018

Following the successful implementation of the KAB programme in Yemen and at the request of the Minister of Higher Education to include entrepreneurship topics in university curricula, ILO developed a new entrepreneurship programme, “Mubadara”, which is an advanced curriculum targeting senior students in public and private universities.

The aim under the current ILO Youth Employment Project YEM/12/50/NOR in Yemen is to pilot the programme in 7 public and private universities in Yemen and reach out to more than 1000 students during the fall semester of the 2013-2014 academic year.

The “Mubadara” implementation modality is composed of three main components:

  • Integrating the curriculum in the selected public and private universities and building the capacity of their faculty members to teach it using an experiential methodology.
  • Ensuring quality execution and close monitoring of business plan formulation with the assistance of trained private sector coaches.
  • Implementing a national business plan competition which would allow students to apply their learning and increase private sector involvement in supporting entrepreneurship in Yemen.

The launching event of the “Mubadara” programme was held on Thursday July 4th, 2013 at the Bustan Hotel in Sana’a. There were more than 50 attendees from the 7-8 participating universities including, Mr. Mohammed Mottahar, Deputy Minister of Education, Mr. Ali Kassem, MoHE Secretary General,  partner banks, representatives of the  young businessmen committee of the FCCI and the press. Following the formal opening made by Mr. Kassem (MoHE), Mr. Qaid (SMEPS), Mr. Kalai and Ms. Bikhazi (ILO), all 7 universities and 2 partner banks reviewed the MOU to be signed with SMEPS for the implementation of the “Mubadara” programme and signed it.

There was a general positive atmosphere and all project partners expressed willingness and readiness to take part in the “Mubadara” pilot.

The upcoming Mubadara TOT is scheduled to take place in September 2013 after which teachers will start piloting it in their respective universities.

 

Published in Yemen

Under the framework of the ILO project with the Business Development Center in Jordan which aims to integrate the KAB programme in secondary vocational schools and community colleges in partnership with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research represented by Al Balka’a Applied University, a series of interviews were conducted by an ILO consultant, the KAB Coordinator and the Director of Entrepreneurship & MSME Support at the Business Development Center (BDC). The interviews targeted 65 teachers from 14 vocational education schools.

Based on ILO’s vast experience in implementing the KAB programme in the Arab Region, suggestions and comments from participants, teachers/trainers and other KAB programme stakeholders and beneficiaries have helped enhance ILO’s project implementation strategies through a series of lessons learned. A main issue faced was the low number of teachers/trainers certified as KAB National Facilitators relative to the total number who attended the KAB Training of Facilitators’ Workshop and participated in the KAB Pilot. In some cases, only 50% of teachers/trainers who participated in the KAB Pilot were certified. Most uncertified teachers/trainers faced severe time constraints, financial constraints, transportation problems, lack of basic calculation skills or were simply disinterested in the KAB programme.

Consequently, ILO started involving all project stakeholders, including teachers/trainers, at the onset of the project to increase their sense of ownership for the programme, introduce them to the programme’s benefits and requirements, and highlight its impact on the entrepreneurial attitudes of both students and teachers/trainers.

One of the newly adopted strategies involves conducting a series of informal interviews with all KAB direct beneficiaries namely, KAB Coordinators, KAB Supervisors and KAB Teachers/Trainers. The purpose of the interviews is to assess the coordinators’, teachers’/trainers’ and supervisors’ readiness and ability to participate in the KAB pilot and ensure they fit the ILO/KAB teacher/trainer criteria. During the interviews, the interviewer re-iterates the objectives of the KAB programme and the requirements for its successful implementation to make sure that all involved parties are aware of what is required from them and are interested in piloting the programme in their institutions.

Main findings:

  • Of the 65 teachers selected by the Ministry of Education, a total of 58 were interviewed
  • Conducting the teacher interviews after school directors attend the KAB Awareness workshop and involving them in the initial selection of teachers would make the teacher selection process more efficient
  • A total of 26 teachers were selected to take part in the KAB pilot, of which 9 are women
  • 13 out of the 14 vocational secondary schools will be included in the first year of the KAB pilot.

Follow-up actions:

  • Inform the selected teachers about the KAB TOF dates and provide then with a copy of the package to prepare themselves for the training
  • Set-up the interviews with teachers from community colleges
Published in Jordan

Under the framework of the ILO/KAB project in the Palestine (funded by Kuwait and the Welfare Association) and the nationalization process of the KAB programme currently underway in the Ministries of Labour, Education and Higher Education, a KAB Refresher National Key Facilitator workshop was conducted from 13-18 April 2013 at the Ankars Hotel in Ramallah. It was mainly facilitated by Mr. Samih Jaber, KAB Regional Key Facilitator, with the help of the ILO Enterprise Development Specialist.

The first day was allocated for the revision of the KAB teaching methods, techniques and games; the introduction of the KAB 2013 version; and the presentation of the new Key Facilitator Guide.

During the workshop, KAB NKFs presented their KAB teaching experiences. They highlighted successes, difficulties, challenges faced and how they dealt with them. A discussion was initiated after each presentation to exchange lessons learned and share good practices. Participants delivered micro-teaching sessions on several KAB topics.

One session was dedicated for participants from each Ministry to prepare and discuss among themselves their KAB dissemination action plan. Once completed, the plans were presented to all participants by the KAB coordinators of each ministry.

Another session was dedicated to present and explain the KAB M&E tools and methodology focusing on the pre and post questionnaires and the KAB impact report. Additionally, one session was allocated to review the KAB KF guide and the roles of the NKFs in organizing KAB TOFs.

At the end of the workshop, participants were provided with hard and electronic copies of the latest KAB 2013 version. Workshop certificates of attendance were distributed in the presence of Mr. Mahmud Njoum, Director General of Vocational Training at MoL, Mr. Ziad Jweilis, Director General Vocational and Technical Education at the MoHE, Mr. Osama Eshtayeh, Acting Director General for Vocational Education and Mr. Mounir Kleibo (ILO Jerusalem).

Under the framework of the ILO KAB project with the Development and Employment Fund and the Vocational Training Corporation, a KAB Training of Facilitators' workshop was conducted over a period of 12 days from 16-28 March 2013 at Ein El Basha Vocational Training Institute 20 km from Amman. It was facilitated by the two KAB Regional Key Facilitators, Mr. Wael Ghosn and Mr. Samih Jaber.

The opening session was attended by Mr. Hani Khleifat, Assistant General Director for Training at the VTC, Ms. Ghada Al Fayez, Training Officer at DEF and the Enterprise Development Specialist at ILO-RO Beirut.

The TOF workshop was attended by 30 participants (22 men and 8 women) from VTC and DEF distributed as follows:

  • 27 participants from VTC (23 teachers, 4 supervisors and the programme coordinator at VTC)
  • 3 participants from DEF (2 teachers/trainers and the programme coordinator at DEF)

The Enterprise Development Specialist delivered a session on the KAB implementation in the Arab Region, the modality of implementation and the certification process.

At the end of the workshop, participants received a KAB attendance certificate.

 

Published in Jordan

Under the framework of the ILO/UNESCO project entitled “Expansion of the KAB programme in Kurdistan targeting students enrolled in vocational education institutions and unemployed youth graduates of TVET” the first KAB follow-up  workshop targeting teachers working under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) started on Sunday June 2nd, 2013 and was attended by 12 participants who were trained in September 2012 and only delivered KAB starting May 6, 2013 to 276 out-of- school/unemployed Kurdish youth.

The opening session was attended by the ILO Enterprise Development Specialist, Ms. Rania Bikhazi, and Mr. Khalid Khoshnaw, UNESCO National Programme Officer in Erbil. The Enterprise Development Specialist shared with the participants the 2013 KAB version stating that the delay they faced in the implementation of the programme provided them with the opportunity to be trained on the latest KAB version. Additionally, the delay allowed the ILO to initiate the translation of the material to Kurdish and make available the unedited version for teachers to use in their classrooms.

During the workshop it was made clear by teachers that students enrolled in the KAB training, who are mainly women, may not be applying to the loan once they complete the course and submit their business plans. This could be due to many reasons most importantly the fact that they do not have the willingness to start their own businesses (this was not imposed as a pre-requisite on the students who enrolled in the course). Additionally there is the fact that once they apply for the loan they will be forbidden to access any government employment for the next 6 years (loan reimbursement period).

In the last session of the workshop a training plan was drawn and agreed upon covering the topics to be delivered in the remaining course period. The number of hours, games to be played for each topic were presented and agreed upon in order to complete the delivery by July 4, 2013. Consequently, it was agreed to hold the second follow-up workshop from 6-8 July 2013.

 

 

 

Published in Iraq

Under the framework of the Entrepreneurial Learning project, and the pilot implementation of KAB in general and vocational secondary education during the 2012-2013 academic year, a series of classroom monitoring visits were conducted by Mr. Wael Ghosn, KAB Regional Key Facilitator to assess the performance of teachers and ensure the proper implementation of the KAB programme.

Findings from the general education school visists:

  • 16 out of the 21 teachers selected to take part in the KAB pilot actually implemented the programme in classrooms. One teacher had to stop delivery at the beginning of the school year due to the security situation in his region and the remaining 4 did not provide clear reasons for not taking part in the pilot.
  • All school directors expressed their interest in the KAB programme and their support to ensure its successful impelemntation in the pilot phase.
  • The KAB programme was welcomed by students who greatly benefited from it as was reflected by their improved engagement with their teachers and their active participation in class.
  • Due to the delay in issuing the decree to launch the KAB pilot implementation during the 2012-2013 academic year and the strike that was held during that time by teachers and other public officials for a significant period of time,  teachers were left with a limited time span that prevented them to fully cover all the course's content.
  • Some schools did not provide teachers with the necessary stationary required to deliver the course (flipcharts, markers, flashcards etc...)

Findings from the vocational education school visits:

  • Of the 19 teachers, only 10 delivered KAB in classrooms while the rest were not able to do so for any of the following reasons: a lack of students, their contract status, or the extended strike that occured during the academic year.
  • All school directors were very enthusiastic about the KAB programme and made sure to provide teachers with the adequate classrooms for the course delivery and the required stationary.
  • KAB teachers were very motivated and excited about the KAB programme and worked hard to perfect their classroom delivery of the course by using the programme's participatory teaching techniques.
  • Some of the challenges faced include the delay in issuing the decree and the strikd that were mentioned above, the delivery of the course as an extra curricular activity which affeted the students' committment and the insufficient classroom monitoring visits conducted by the assigned KAB supervisors.

Based on the findings of these visits, the Ministry of Education and Higher Education along with the project partners (ILO-UNESCO-ETF) decided to extend the KAB pilot to a second phase and continue the implementation during the 2013-2014 academic year. This would allow to address the challenges faced in the first year, continue the monitoring of teacher's performance for their potential certification and the proper assessment of the programme for its potential integration in the national curricula of both general and vocational secondary education.

Attached are some photos taken during the classroom visits.

Published in Lebanon

Under the framework of the ILO/CIDA project entitled: “Decent Jobs for Egypt’s Young People (DJEP)”, and specifically under the self-employment and entrepreneurship development component, a KAB National Key Facilitator Workshop was facilitated by the RO-Beirut Enterprise Development Specialist, Ms. Rania Bikhazi, upon the request of ILO-Cairo Office.

The workshop was held at the Pyramisa Hotel from 24-28 March 2013. The opening session was attended by officials from the ILO office in Cairo namely Ms. Kholoud Al Khaldi, Senior Enterprise Development Specialist, Mr. Magdy Wahba, SME Expert, Ms. Perihan Tawfik, Project Officer and Mr. Sayed Kasseb, Director of Pathways. Opening speeches focused on the importance of tackling youth unemployment and promoting self-employment as a career option among Egyptian youth.

Following the introduction of the programme and the leveling of participants’ expectations made at the beginning of the workshop by the Enterprise Development Specialist who is a KAB International Key Facilitator (IKF); a brief presentation was made by Mr. Magdy Wahba on the history of the KAB programme in Egypt and the current ILO/CIDA project. Ms. Kholoud Al Khaldi in her turn presented the ILO implementation of the KAB programme in North Africa and also delivered a session on Gender Equality. The IKF, Ms. Rania Bikhazi, made a brief presentation on the KAB implementation in the Middle East followed by Ms. Perihan Tawfik who presented the content of the KAB Key Facilitator Guide.

Twenty two university professors/potential national key facilitators from eight universities across Egypt participated in the NKF workshop. Under the Pathways project in Egypt, almost all of the professors contributed to the KAB training delivered in summer 2012 and/or winter 2013 in addition to some who contributed to some of the promotional awareness sessions in their universities.

Since it was not possible for the Enterprise Specialist to monitor the delivery of the professors in their classrooms, they were each asked to prepare a 15 minutes presentation to report their achievements in KAB teaching and to demonstrate their facilitation skills. Each presentation was followed by a short feedback session to which both the participants and the Enterprise Development Specialist contributed.

On Tuesday 26 March, a two-hour session was allocated for the presentation of the online version of the KAB programme. Participants were guided in a step-by-step application of the online programme which they found interesting and useful if blended with face-to-face training to reduce the training hours in the classrooms. The session was delivered by Ms. Doaa Al Jabali, teacher previously trained on KAB.

On Wednesday 27 March, a two-hour session was allocated to discuss the topic of social entrepreneurship which was delivered by Mr. Ayman Tarabishi from George Washington University. The concept of social entrepreneurship was not very clear to participants who were guided through the definition of the concept in a plane game they all appreciated.

On the last day of the workshop a written test was administered to assess the participants’ knowledge of the KAB programme and its content. Certificates of attendance were also distributed to all participants during the closing session attended by the same officials present at the opening.

 

Published in Events

Under the ILO/BDC project “Know About Business in the National Company for Employment and Training” and as part of the short-term KAB impact assessment, 7 focus group sessions were held from 4-7 March 2013 at the Business Development Center (BDC) in Amman, Jordan. The focus groups were held with the following participants:

1. Former students at the NCET who did not attend KAB classes

2. Former KAB students at the NCET who got employed

3. Former KAB students at the NCET who opened their own business

4. Former KAB students at the NCET who are unemployed

5. Employers of former KAB students at the NCET

6. Parents of former KAB students at the NCET

7. KAB Trainers at the NCET

The focus groups were facilitated by Alexandra Irani, ILO consultant, and co-facilitated by Ms. Farah Al-Azab as part of her capacity building process as a KAB Coordinator on an upcoming ILO/BDC project. The focus group participants were selected and contacted by the National Company for Employment and Training based on a selection criteria that was made available to them ahead of the focus group dates. Most focus groups included 8-12 participants; ranged between 1 to 2 hours and were video-taped for record keeping. The participants were informed of the confidentiality of the recordings and their consent was sought before proceeding with the recording.

Findings from all focus groups showed the following main points:

  • KAB had a significant positive impact on students on a personal level and a business level. It helped increase their self-confidence and taught them how to think strategically, plan all activities they want to undertake and organize their time.
  • Even KAB students who faced difficulties in finding a job or are still currently unemployed mentioned the positive impact KAB had on them.
  • KAB students, trainers and parents all recommended providing financial linkages to students who complete their business plans and are ready to establish or grow their business.

Thanks to the continuous efforts of Mr. Mohammad Bin Yassin and Mr. Mohamad el Saoub, supervisors at the NCET; Mr. Alaa Abou Hajeh, KAB National Facilitator; Ms. Farah Al Azab, Ms. Hadeel Issa and Mr. Ghaleb Hijazi from BDC, the 7 focus groups were successfully held and the required information from the selected participants was obtained.

Published in Jordan
Entrepreneurship skills

Afghan women unleashing their business potential

How entrepreneurship enabled an Afghan woman to create a successful company and help other women do the same.

Feature | 01 March 2013

Khalida Yaqobi
MAZAR-E-SHARIF, Afghanistan (ILO News) – Afghans have been immersed in a conflict that has affected every aspect of their ordinary lives. For Khalida Yaqobi, the conflict has been an obstacle, not an obstruction.

After graduating in engineering from Balkh University, she secretly studied English at a time when women seeking an education risked being executed by the Taliban.

“I was studying English in a private house, without textbooks or notebooks, going in a burqa to a hidden English language course,” she says. 

At first, she couldn’t get a job but things started to look up for the 35-year-old mother of two after the fall of the Taliban regime.

In 2003, she was invited to follow an entrepreneurship and handicraft course for Afghan women, held at the ILO’s International Training Centre (ITC-ILO) in Turin, Italy, with funding assistance from the Italian government.

It was the first time Yaqobi had travelled outside Afghanistan. She was keen to learn new skills, and excited at the prospect of showing that Afghan women are committed to contribute - shoulder to shoulder with Afghan men - to the sustainable development of their country. 

“I learned what business is and how to do marketing and how to start a business. The interesting topic was marketing - how to find customers - and that I did very well.”

During the course they held an “Afghan night” for the public, and the 30 participants were put to the test.

The other women had brought Afghan handicrafts to sell. All Yaqobi had was a roll of henna – traditional red dye.

“I rented two chairs, and when the programme started, guests came to me and asked, ‘what is this?’ I explained and showed them how I had used henna on my hands. Then everybody came to do henna, including the media.”

Yaqobi was greatly inspired by what she learned at the ITC-ILO. She decided to become an entrepreneur, although many thought this was impossible for a woman in Afghanistan. 

A huge untapped potential

Upon her return to the country, she founded Balkh Business Development Services, which focuses mainly on business planning, budgeting, English for business and information technology. She leads a team of 26 employees, and says her company is capable of managing projects worth millions of dollars.

Some 500 women have been trained by her organization, 200 of whom have started their own businesses. 

“By becoming entrepreneurs we are not only creating jobs for other women but moving from traditional customs to the 21st century,” she says.

According to Hervé Berger, the ILO representative for Afghanistan, Yaqobi’s example shows “what a little quality training, combined with determination, can do to improve lives."

“Afghan women represent half of the untapped potential of Afghanistan. If even a fraction of that potential was unleashed, imagine how that would improve Afghanistan's competitiveness vis-a-vis its competitors! The future of Afghanistan will be much brighter if Afghan women are given the opportunity to enter the labour market as skilled workers.”

Yaqobi herself believes thousands of Afghan women could benefit from business training, and she hopes the ILO will be able to help more young women in the country.

Entrepreneurship training “will enable them to become more confident in making a decent life for themselves and their children, as I did for myself and so many others,” she says.

by Nangyalai Attal, ILO Kabul
Published in Global

Under the framework of the ILO-SMEPS/KAB project in Yemen, the KAB NKF certification process was initiated by the Enterprise Development Specialist on January 12th 2013 in Yemen as part of the nationalization phase of the programme.

Five potential KAB NKFs delivered two KAB TOFs simultaneously  at the Bustan Hotel from 12-24 January 2013 for their certification under the technical monitoring of the Enterprise Development Specialist and 2 KAB Regional Key Facilitators. A total of 48 teachers and one official from SMEPS took part in the two KAB TOF workshops.

The nationalization of the programme requires training an additional 100 teachers to be able to cover the remaining vocational centres and complete the commitment made by SMEPS to the MTEVT. The certification of the five NKFs would lead to the institutionalization of the KAB programme in Yemen and will ensure its sustainability at the end of the current ILO project.

The preparations of both workshops were very well done and it is noteworthy to mention that the 4 trainers (in addition to Ms. Khlood Shaker who is very competent but works at SMEPS as the KAB Coordinator) worked extensively ahead of the training and until late hours at night. They were all present at 7:30am to prepare and adjust the training rooms and stayed until 20:00 for their individual coaching sessions taking comments and observations very positively and showing their readiness and willingness to improve.

After evaulating the performance assessments, 4 KAB facilitators were certified as KAB National Key Facilitators and can all proceed with the delivery of up-coming KAB TOFs in Yemen.

ILO and SMEPS are very pleased with this outcome and proud of the project's achievements so far that are leading to the sustainability of the KAB programme in Yemen.

Published in Yemen
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